Jakarta, previously (before 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, biggest city and capital of Jakarta Indonesia. Jakarta is located on the northwest shore of Java in the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea). It’s coextensive with the metropolitan district of Greater Jakarta (Jakarta Raya) and almost coextensive with the daerahkhususibukota (special capital district) of Jakarta–the latter also adding a number of overseas islands in the Java Sea.
Back in 1966, when the city was declared a special capital district, it accumulated a status approximately equivalent to that of a state or province. The city has for ages been a major trade and financial centre. It has also become an essential industrial community and a centre for education. Area specific capital district, 255 sq miles (661 sq km). Pop. (2000) Greater Jakarta, 8,342,435; special capital district, 8,361,079; (2010) Greater Jakarta, 9,586,705; special capital district, 9,607,787.
Landscape City Website
Jakarta is located on a low, flat alluvial plain with historically broad metropolitan areas; the portions of the city farther inland are marginally higher. It’s easily flooded through the rainy season. The draining of swamps for construction purposes and the continuous decrease of upland forest vegetation have increased the danger of flooding. With this kind of an excess of water from the dirt, Jakarta has a shortage of clean drinking water, for which there’s increasing need. The area is quite fertile for fruits along with other horticulture, as majority of the dirt is of older volcanic origin.
Jakarta is a tropics, humid city, with annual temperatures ranging in in between the extremes of 75 and 93 °F (24 and 34 °C) and a relative humidity between 75 and 85 percent. The average mean temperatures are 79 °F (26 °C) in January and 82 °F (28 °C) in October. The yearly rainfall is over 67 inches (1,700 mm). Temperatures are often altered by sea winds. Jakarta, for example every other large city, also has its own share of air and noise pollution.
Though the Dutch had been the first to attempt to plan the city, the city layout is probably more British than Dutch character, as may be seen by this sort of large squares as Medan Merdeka (“Freedom Field”-RRB- and LapanganBanteng (significance “location of the gaur ”-RRB-. The Oriental style, or “indische” style, as the Dutch call it, is evident not merely within the city’s manner of life but additionally in the types of houses, the wide, tree-lined streets, along with the original spacious gardens and house lots. Back in Kebayoran, a satellite town built since World War II on the south west side of the city, also in other contemporary developments, the houses and garden lots are a lot smaller in comparison to from the older colonial districts.
Jakarta has for ages been a town of new settlers that assimilated local methods and became Jakartans themselves. Some traditional neighbourhoods can, however, be identified. The Kota region, sometimes referred to as the downtown section, is the historical city center, and it houses an important part of the Chinese population. The modern city’s business and financial hub lies somewhat to the south east of Kota, mostly along Jenderal Sudirman and Mohammad HusniThamrin roads, in central Jakarta. The region of Kemayoran and Senen, initially on the eastern fringe of the city, is now almost central in its own location and increasingly became the city’s major retail area.
The Jatinegara section, initially a Sundanese settlement, but later incorporated as a separate city, then an army camp, is now merged with the rest of Jakarta and contains several new lands. The Menteng and Gondangdia sections were previously fashionable residential areas near the central Medan Merdeka. In the west, Tanah Abang and JatiPetamburan are, such as Kemayoran, thickly developed. TanjungPriok is the harbour, with its own community attached to it. The most typical kind of house within the city is the kampong, or a village, house, most such homes are built of materials like timber or bamboo mats, however this doesn’t necessarily mean they’re substandard.
Another common kind of home, frequently used to accommodate civil servants, is a colonial city home or even rumahgedongan, these homes are largely single family detached or semidetached, each standing on a separate lot. Apartment buildings constitute a more contemporary category, though they’re somewhat more economical in the use of property than single family types, their architectural and construction costs frequently make them fairly costly. Housing is usually overcrowded. People. The population of Jakarta has increased considerably since 1940. Much of the growth is attributed to immigration, that has transformed Jakarta into among the world’s largest urban agglomerations. Even though government regulations close the city to unemployed new settlers, better economic conditions unavoidably attract new people. Additionally, much of people is young, leading to high natural growth potential. Analysis of the immigrant stream shows, following the West Javanese, the biggest groups represented are the Central and East Javanese, a considerable number also are from Sumatra. Other population groups, Arabs, Indians, Europeans, and Americans, are present in tiny numbers.